Consequences of Family Disruption on Children's Educational Outcomes in Norway

Steele, Fiona and Sigle-Rushton, W and Kravdal, Ø (2009) Consequences of Family Disruption on Children's Educational Outcomes in Norway. Demography, 46 (3). pp. 553-574. ISSN 1533-7790

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Abstract

Using high quality data from Norwegian population registers, we examine the relationship between family disruption and children’s educational outcomes. We distinguish between disruptions caused by parental divorce and paternal death and, using a simultaneous equation model, pay particular attention to selection bias in the effect of divorce. We also allow for the possibility that disruption may have different effects at different stages of a child’s educational career. Our results suggest that selection on time-invariant maternal characteristics is important and works to overstate the effects of divorce on a child’s chances of continuing in education. Nevertheless, we find that the experience of marital breakdown during childhood is associated with lower levels of education, and that the effect weakens with the child’s age at disruption. The effects of divorce are most pronounced for the transitions during or just beyond the high school level. In models that do not allow for selection, children who experienced a father’s death appear less disadvantaged than children whose parents divorced. After controlling for selection, however, differences in the educational qualifications of children from divorced and bereaved families narrow substantially and, at mean ages of disruption, are almost non-existent.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:divorce, parental death, education, multilevel models, simultaneous equations models, selection effects
Subjects:5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.6 Multilevel Modelling
5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.7 Longitudinal Data Analysis
5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.8 Event History Analysis
ID Code:554
Deposited By: LEMMA user
Deposited On:25 Mar 2009 14:22
Last Modified:05 Dec 2011 15:10

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