Exploring Population Dynamics with Crowd-Sourced Data

Birkin, Mark and Malleson, Nicholas (2013) Exploring Population Dynamics with Crowd-Sourced Data. In: Association of American Geographers, 06/04/13-12/04/13, Los Angeles, USA. (Submitted)

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Abstract

Increasingly large volumes of geo-located data from social messaging are available in the public domain. These data contain valuable clues about daily activity patterns. For some of the more prolific users it is possible to trace sequences of activity with considerable spatial and temporal detail. In this paper, we use a substantial sample of twitter data from the city of Leeds to investigate space-time activity patterns. A framework of activity types will be presented, and we will evaluate different methods for the classification of behaviour based on message content. These methods range from manual calibration by an intelligent observer through text recognition to machine learning. Relevant metrics will be proposed and tested for the automated procedures which will be necessary in order to process data of this type in useful volumes. We will also present substantive results which illustrate variations in activity patterns across the city at different times in the day, and consider the potential for examination of individual sequences and movement patterns. We will offer some thoughts on both the ethical robustness of this approach, and its potential for generalisation beyond a self-selecting sample of twitter users. The potential for model-based approaches built on the foundations of this analysis will be considered.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:social network, daily activity, simulation, population dynamics.
Subjects:5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.9 Spatial Data Analysis
ID Code:3131
Deposited By: TALIS User
Deposited On:25 Jun 2013 10:25
Last Modified:25 Jun 2013 10:25

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