The Calibration of Metropolitan Dynamics with Microsimulation, Agent-Based Models and Social Network Data Models and Social Network Data

Birkin, Mark and Malleson, Nick (2012) The Calibration of Metropolitan Dynamics with Microsimulation, Agent-Based Models and Social Network Data Models and Social Network Data. In: Association of American Geographers Annual Meeting, 24-28 Feb 2012, New York, New York, USA. (In Press)

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Abstract

In this paper we will introduced an individual-based model of a British city. The approach draws its inspiration from both microsimulation and agent-based modelling. Microsimulation is used to reconstruct the entire population of a city region at both the household and individual scale. We illustrate this for Leeds, a city with three-quarters of a million inhabitants grouped into more than 300 thousand households. The resulting population is profiled by demographic and social attributes which are richly specified. In order to incorporate dynamic behaviour, we argue that agent-based simulations are more appropriate, and rules will be presented which allow the identification of five essential behaviours which we term 'domestic living', 'education', 'work', 'recreation' and 'shopping'. Through this modelling process we will seek not just to understand residential patterns within the city, but the dynamic ebb and flow of the population in everyday metropolitan life. The novel feature of our research is that we will use up-to-date social network data to calibrate our agent behaviours. Although social network data are likely to be somewhat skewed and unreliable, they are abundant and continually refreshed and also provide temporally-accurate daily behavioural information that are often absent from traditional sources (such as censuses). We will make an attempt to evaluate the robustness and (potential) value of this approach.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords:agent, dynamics,social networks, microsimulation
Subjects:5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.9 Spatial Data Analysis
5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.13 Simulation
6. Mixed Methods Data Handling and Data Analysis > 6.1 Social Network Analysis
ID Code:2251
Deposited By: TALIS User
Deposited On:15 Mar 2012 15:38
Last Modified:14 Jun 2012 11:35

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