Considering paradigms of crime reduction in different contexts

Soothill, K. and Francis, B. (2011) Considering paradigms of crime reduction in different contexts. In: British Society of Criminology Conference, 3 - 6 July 2011, Newcastle, UK. (Unpublished)

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Official URL: http://www.northumbria.ac.uk/sd/academic/sass/abou...

Abstract

This paper consists of three parts. First we focus on four theoretical perspectives of crime reduction and consider the implications of the longitudinal study by Soothill et al. These 'paradigms' relate to parental child-rearing methods; structural factors of the family during adolescence; geographical segregation; and individual resource deficits. They are considered risk factors for first-time convictions for shoplifting, burglary and violence. Each offence type is considered separately. The second part focuses on the debate about 'why crime rates fell' in many developed countries and the type of explanations put forward. The main authors considered are Conklin, Levitt and Zimring. We point to the remarkable contrast between the factors discussed in the first part of the paper and the factors discussed by these authors who emphasise, among others, the importance of an increased prison population and an increase in the number of police officers. The final part of the paper connects the different sets of results presented in the first two parts. We maintain that the pivotal issue is whether one can develop a society in which all persons feel that they have a stake and, thus, develop internal controls to resist crime. The development of more prisons and more intrusive policing - measures of external controls - is a sad reflection of a failure to do this.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:1. Frameworks for Research and Research Designs > 1.20 Secondary Analysis > 1.20.3 Analysis of official statistics
5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.8 Event History Analysis
ID Code:2194
Deposited By: L-W-S user
Deposited On:17 Feb 2012 14:08
Last Modified:17 Feb 2012 14:08

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