A comparison of Bayesian and classical testing procedures for the association parameter in a 2x2 contingency table

Saberi, Z. and Ganjali, M. and Berridge, D. and Ofoghi, P. (2010) A comparison of Bayesian and classical testing procedures for the association parameter in a 2x2 contingency table. Journal of Applied Probability and Statistics, 5 (1). pp. 53-67. ISSN 1930-6792

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Official URL: http://japs.isoss.net/may10.htm

Abstract

Bayesian alternatives to classical tests for Fisher’s exact test in 2£2 contingency tables are considered. Point null test versus one-sided hypothesis is tested using the log odds ratio in 2£2 contingency tables. Hierarchical Bayes, empirical Bayes and noninformative Bayes procedures are compared with the appropriate classical procedures, either the p-value in Fisher’s exact test or a randomized test. A conjugate prior at the first stage and a noninformative prior at the second stage are used for the hyperparameter(s) in the hierarchical approach. For different testing procedures, the likelihood of making a type I error is chosen to be approximately the same. Then the power of different tests is compared: the larger the power, the better the test. In small samples, the randomized test performs well in comparison with the other methods. For moderate samples, empirical Bayes and randomized test procedures perform better than other approaches.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.17 Quantitative Approaches (other)
ID Code:2080
Deposited By: L-W-S user
Deposited On:20 Feb 2012 15:09
Last Modified:20 Feb 2012 15:09

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