Multilevel and Agent-Based Modelling in the Analysis of Differential School Effectiveness

Salgado, Mauricio and Marchione, Elio (2011) Multilevel and Agent-Based Modelling in the Analysis of Differential School Effectiveness. In: Artificial Intelligence and Simulation of Behaviour Convention, 4 - 7 April 2011, University of York, United Kingdom.

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Abstract

Multilevel Models (MLM) have pioneered the analysis of hierarchical data, with two or more levels. Agent-Based Models (ABM) are also used to analyse social phenomena in which there are two or more levels involved. This paper addresses the integration between MLM and ABM. To provide a basis of comparison, we focus on differential school effectiveness analysis, where MLM has been well studied, using data from the London Educational Authority’s Junior Project. A MLM is fitted and an ABM of pupils’ educational attainment using a social network structure is built. We reports the results of both models and compare their performances in terms of predictive power. Although the fitted MLM outperforms the proposed ABM, the latter still offers a reasonable fit and provides a causal mechanism to explain differences in school performance that is absent in the MLM.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:1. Frameworks for Research and Research Designs > 1.5 Comparative and Cross National Research
1. Frameworks for Research and Research Designs > 1.14 Participatory Research
1. Frameworks for Research and Research Designs > 1.22 Mixed Methods
5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.13 Simulation
6. Mixed Methods Data Handling and Data Analysis > 6.3 Mixed Methods Approaches (other)
ID Code:1778
Deposited By: SIMIAN user
Deposited On:03 May 2011 12:20
Last Modified:03 May 2011 12:20

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