Analysing Differential School Effectiveness Through Multilevel and Agent-Based Modelling

Marchione, Elio and Salgado, Mauricio and Gilbert, Nigel (2011) Analysing Differential School Effectiveness Through Multilevel and Agent-Based Modelling. In: European Social Simulation Association, 19 - 23 September, 2011, Montpellier, France. (Unpublished)

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Abstract

MultilevelModels(MLM)have pioneered the analysis of hierarchical data of two or more levels. Agent-Based Models (ABM) are also used to analyse social phenomena in which there are two or more levels involved. This paper addresses a comparison between MLM and ABM. To provide a basis of comparison, we focus on differential school effectiveness analysis, where MLM has been well studied, using data from the London Educational Authority’s Junior Project. A MLM is fitted and an ABM of pupils’ educational attainment using a social network structure is built. The paper reports the results of both models and compares their performances in terms of predictive and explanatory power. Although the fitted MLM outperforms the proposed ABM, the latter still offers a reasonable fit and provides a causal mechanism to explain differences in school performance that is absent in the MLM.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.6 Multilevel Modelling
5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.13 Simulation
5. Quantitative Data Handling and Data Analysis > 5.14 Non-Parametric Approaches
ID Code:1860
Deposited By: SIMIAN user
Deposited On:12 Oct 2011 10:56
Last Modified:12 Oct 2011 10:56

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